Gobekli Tepe History
Gobekli Tepe is the oldest sanctuary ever built for gods and starting place for religious organization. The oldest temple in the archeological site is 12.000 years old and the newest one is 10.000 years old at the site.
The site is the oldest sanctuary ever built for gods and starting place for religious organization. The oldest temple in Gobekli Tepe is 12.000 years old and the newest one is 10.000 years old at the site.
The Natufians people, who lived in the Fertile Crescent of Mesopotamia between 12.000 to 10.000 B.C. The first strategically planned and organize food production was started by Natufians and this was a transforming activity from hunter-gatherer to farming society so it led to the Neolithic Revolution. The meaning of Natuf is dripping water in cave shelter. The first settled people and farmers, they grow grain and produce food strategically. Tools made out of animal bones, horns and flint stones. They live in round structured dwellings half buried under the ground. The region was lush green foliage where many animals once dwelled.
They carved various animal figures and abstract symbols on the stone monuments with obsidian and flint stone tools. There are more than 30 kind of animals embellishing the megaliths at Gobekli Tepe. The stone quarry in the same place of Gobekli Tepe. The carry the stone pillars from nearby quarry and erected upright position, they are 3 to 6 meter and 15 to 40 tons.
The radars that screen the underground have found 20 more circular chamber. Each stone chamber has two T-Shape pillars in the center and 10 more for enclosure walls.
The temple complex is believed to be a seasonal meeting place which hosted celebrations, we know that from a great number of animal bones has been excavated.
Facts About Gobekli Tepe
- The Gobekli Tepe was a milestone in the great transition to production and settled life. The most fundamental social change.
- The elite hunters, who lived in the site, had extraordinary artistic talents, organizational skills and abilities for abstract thinking.
- Visit Sanliurfa Archeology and Mosaic Museum, where you can see the world’s richest stone age collection.
- The excavations revealed peerless statues and totems. The predatory animals, reptiles and birds featured reliefs on the obelisks.